Is Globalization The Future For A Safer Humanity And World Peace?
In this age of globalization, big and small organizations are forming strategic alliances and following the policy of mergers and acquisitions to strengthen their position in the business world. Globalization has proved to be a boon for not only organizations that seek to expand their business but also for small organizations that could not withstand the challenges of big organizations or lack finance for their expansion activities. Due to governments’ restriction and protection to domestic industries, multinational organizations are restricted from direct entry in a foreign land. Therefore, they enter into strategic alliances with small organizations and expand their reach, and small organizations enter such alliances to benefit in terms of technology transfer and finance. Thus, globalization is a win-win situation for both small and large companies.
Similarly, the global community and superpowers have to ponder over the issue– should globalization be merely confined to the corporate world or extended to the political arena and countries for global peace and harmony? Shouldn’t unstable nations consider mergers with their parent nations, such as North Korea with South Korea, Pakistan with India, and so on? Just as the alliance of North Germany and West Germany proved a boon for people of both the nations, the merger of North Korea with South Korea and Pakistan with India could ensure development, peace, and tranquillity in the respective countries The global community and superpowers cannot sit idle and be a meek spectator to nuclear threats and blackmails of Pakistan and North Korea.
It may be recalled that Pakistan was created by the British as a theological state based on the two-nation theory—that Hindus and Muslims must comprise two separate nations. But the past 70 years proved that a modern society could not be based on religion, and only secularism can work in the India sub-continent. The result of a theocratic state (Pakistan) in which chaos and religious extremism are prevailing is clear for all to see. The question is how long the world can watch religious violence in Quetta, Karachi, Kashmir, etc.? How long must our people pay to buy billions of dollars of foreign arms to fight each other?
Pakistan is the only Muslim-majority state to have successfully developed nuclear weapons. It is the epicentre of global jihadism and home to jihadist group Harakat-ul-Mujahideen and Muslim fundamentalist groups — al‑Qaeda, the Haqqani network, and Lashkar-e-Taiba. Jihadist organizations have support from the government. In addition to having hosted bin Laden, Pakistan has been the foremost supplier of nuclear technology to rogue states, like North Korea and Iran.
For North Korea’s totalitarian regime, the nuclear arms policy has twin objectives of developing nuclear weapons and improving the nation’s economy. North Korea has proliferated its nuclear and missile capabilities as a bargaining tool to secure political and economic incentives from the rest of the world because nobody can risk its misadventures against South Korea, Japan, and notably the United States.
Pakistan and North Korea– the two close allies are the main actors in destabilizing the global peace in the two regions of Asia— Kashmir in South Asia and on the other end of the Asian continent — the Korean peninsula. Both the nations are authoritarian countries, firmly controlled by their respective militaries. They not only possess nuclear weapons, but also their heads of the governments have emphatically declared to use them against South Korea, Japan, USA, and India, showing utter disdain to the concept of responsibility.
Larry Pressler, former chairman of the US Senate’s Arms Control Subcommittee termed both Pakistan and North Korea as rogue states. He said, “Pakistan is more dangerous than North Korea as it does not have a centralized command on its nuclear weapons, making them vulnerable to theft and sale.” Pressler feared that a takeover of nuclear weapons by a militant group during a period of instability or splintering of the state might prove catastrophic for the world.
Both Pakistan and North Korea appear to be blackmailing the world to listen to them and finance them, lest they use their weapons of mass destruction.
According to political observers and diplomats, India and North Korea reunification is an idea to save the world from nuclear holocaust. This idea must be spread by all patriotic people in the subcontinent, and elsewhere.
Political leaders of India such as the late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee talked of undivided India. Additionally, Ram Madhav, BJP general secretary said, “The RSS still believes that one day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh through widespread goodwill, will again come together and Akhand (undivided) Bharat will be created.” Recently, RSS leader Indresh Kumar echoed the same sentiment. Indresh Kumar said that Pakistan would be a part of India after 2025. An undivided India on the lines of the European Union might take shape.
Home Minister Rajnath Singh during an election rally at Haridwar, on February 5, 2017, spoke of a referendum in Pakistan to check whether its citizens desire to merge with India.
Many people across India and Pakistan say that India was divided in 1947, and much has changed since then. But it is also a fact that Germany was united in 1990 after being divided for 45 years. Vietnam was united in 1975 after being separated for 30 years. Italy was united in 1861.
The main problems of India, Pakistan, and North Korea are the same — poverty, unemployment, and lack of healthcare and good education, among others. If reunited, resources can be pooled. These problems can be overcome in 15-20 years. Billions of dollars spent annually on purchasing arms can be used for people’s welfare.
Failures of nuclear-powered nations mean a threat to the entire humanity. It’s high time that the global community and the superpowers understand the essence of globalization and take the initiative in the direction of the merger to prevent the world from potential nuclear catastrophe.