Japan is insular country located in Asia’s extreme east, and for this reason they are known simply as “Land of the Rising Sun”. The nation was formed from a group of islands, the most important of which are: Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū e Shikoku. Based on ancient traditions of culture and politics, the “Meiji Restoration” represents one of the most important events in its history, in the second half of the 19th century. This marked the beginning of a period of profound social and economic reform, that would further aline Japan with the west. After being defeated in the second world war, which culminated with America dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan adopted a form of government that while not abolishing the Empire, limited the Emperor to a mere ceremonial role. Known as the Japanese Economic Miracle, this economic and technological development led many to consider Japan as the most advanced in the tech and electronic sector. Japan’s capital is Tokyo, the largest and most important city in the country.