Brazil is the largest nation in Latin America, a demographic, political and economic giant of South America and the region’s principle actor. A former Portuguese colony, Brazil today is an emerging country and is a member of the so-called BRICS group, together with Russia, India, China and South Africa. The country’s government was run under the monarchy government of an emperor until 1888, when Brazil then assumed the form of a political republic, punctuated at differing points with phases of dictatorial government and totalitarian regimes, the last of which ended in the 80s. Having been led for ten years by a left-wing government of the Workers Party of Lula and Rousseff, Brazil the saw the presidency of the liberal Temer following the impeachment of Rousseff and, following this, the electoral victory of the right-wing exponent Jair Bolsonaro, who won the presidency at the beginning of 2019.