Hillary Clinton (Chicago, 1947) is the former First Lady and former Secretary of State of the United States of America. Bill's wife, 42nd US President, H. Clinton started her institutional career in 2001, as New York State Senator, and she maintained this role until 2009. In 2008 she ran, unsuccessfully, in the primary elections of the Democratic Party. The winner was Barack Obama, who, once becoming President, nominated her Secretary of State. In 2013 she stood down in order to prepare for the 2016 presidential election, and she was replaced by John Kerry. After winning the nomination, surpassing Bernie Sanders, she was surprisingly defeated by the republican candidate Donald Trump.